Current Gun Laws

Georgia Gun Laws:    (Website to which Cobb Co Police Info Office refers public inquiries regarding firearm laws in the state of GA) 

 Note: There are additions/exceptions to the Georgia gun laws listed below too numerous to include. 


Georgia gun laws prohibit firearms in:

  • Government buildings with security
  • Courthouses
  • Airport beyond security screening area
  • Churches (unless allowed by church authorities)
  • Mental health institutions
  • Prisons and jails
  • Nuclear power facilities
  • School grounds (unless stored in a vehicle)

Persons prohibited from possessing a firearm:

  • Persons convicted of a felony and imprisoned or on trial for a felony
  • Persons with a restraining order
  • Persons addicted to any controlled substances
  • Persons convicted of distributing and/or manufacturing controlled substances
  • Persons committed to a mental institution
  • Aliens who are illegal/unlawful (except for a valid hunting license)
  • Persons dishonorably discharged from the military
  • Fugitives from the law


  • Must be 21 years of age to purchase a handgun except for military who have completed basic training; 18 years of age for rifles
  • Background check is required when purchasing from a licensed dealer
  • Background check is not required for private sales (non-licensed dealers at gun shows, on-line purchases or individuals)
  • No registration is required for firearms
  • No licensing of owner is required for firearms
  • Open Carry is permitted 
  • 'Permit to Carry' (Open or Concealed) is required for handguns, but not for rifles
  • There is no magazine size restriction 
  • No waiting period to purchase firearms (except 60-day waiting period for a handgun Permit to Carry license)
  • The Georgia Safe Carry Protection Act of 2014 (HB-60), allows persons with a Permit to Carry to bring firearms into churches, restaurants, bars, certain parts of airports and government buildings (with no security).  

Federal Gun Laws

     Following a horrific mass shooting in California at an elementary school in 1989,  the Federal Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 was enacted.  The ban lasted ten years and covered 18 types of firearms.  Certain military-style (automatic) guns were banned, along with semi-automatics, like the AR-15's and AK47's.  In addition, large-capacity magazines, holding more than 10 bullets were banned.  Although the assault weapons ban does not exist today on a federal level, some state have adopted similar bans to keep their citizens safe.  Georgia is not one of those states though, semi-automatics and high-capacity magazines are legal in our state.  

     Federal laws today prohibit anyone under the age of 18 from owning a rifle, shotgun or ammunition; and under the age of 21 from owning a handgun (with the exception of military personnel).  In addition, automatic firearms are unlawful (after 1986), and anyone grandfathered in must have ATF approval in order to transfer automatic weapons.  In addition, federal law restricts silencers/suppressors, short-barreled shotguns and rifles; as well as "destructive" devices such as machine guns, bazookas, grenades, missiles/launchers and more.